Day of the worker of the agricultural and processing industry, celebrated in the Russian Federation on the second Sunday of October every year, established by decree President of the Russian Federation on May 31, 1999. In 2022, the date falls on October 9.
Initially, the holiday was established on August 26, 1966 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. HE wanted “All-Union Agricultural Workers’ Day” and the second Sunday in October are also celebrated. “Food Industry Workers Day” decided On August 30, 1966, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR was celebrated on the third Sunday of October. In 1986, these two holidays were combined into a single holiday – “Day of Workers in Agriculture and the Processing Industry of the Agro-Industrial Complex”, which began to be celebrated on the third Sunday of November. It was merged into “Healer’s Day” in 1988. on a single vacation It was also celebrated on the third Sunday of November with the name “Agricultural and Processing Industry Workers’ Day”. In 1999, the date of celebration was shifted to the second Sunday in October, and the word “worker” in the title was replaced with “worker”.
Russia have a significant share of the planet’s agricultural land – 4.5%.
Agricultural production in the country and around the world is the largest life-supporting area of the national economic complex. The economic efficiency of its condition and functioning has a decisive influence on the level of food supply and the well-being of people.
The agro-industrial complex (AIC) largely determines the state of the entire economy of the country, since it closely interacts with other sectors of the national economy.
Agrarian reforms carried out in the country since the early 1990s, without prior scientific study, have mainly been reduced to unregulated market liberalization, leading to the collapse of the material and technical base of the agro-industrial complex and the primitiveization of system technologies for production. , jeopardized the existence of the main, non-renewable means of production – the land on which the functioning of this industry is often impossible. Agricultural products production almost halfand in the building industry – agriculture – by 40%, which limits the country’s ability to supply the population with self-produced food.
Economic growth in agriculture started in 1999 and continued until 2006. During this time, the volume of agricultural production increased by 34.4%. However, since 2002, there has been a downward trend in the development rate of agriculture, which lagged behind the rate of development of the economy as a whole.
Slowdown of economic growth in agriculture, lack of alternative employment conditions in rural areas, historically low level of development of social and engineering infrastructure, exacerbation of social problems villages.
In order to overcome the crisis and bring the agro-industrial complex to sustainable development in 2006, the Federal Law “On the Development of Agriculture” was adopted. In accordance with this law, “State Program for the Development of Agriculture and Regulation of Agricultural Markets for Agricultural Products, Raw Materials and Food” for the years 2008-2012 was established in 2007, in 2012 – 2013-2020 state programand in 2019 – 2013-2025 state program.
State measuresIt has proven effective in promoting agriculture. Industry began to grow, various forms of agricultural activity began to develop actively: not only large enterprises, but also small peasant farms.
Today, agriculture, the agro-industrial complex as a whole, is the most dynamic industries Russian economy. Russia not only almost completely supplies all the main types of food products, but also annually increases deliveries abroad, develops global markets. The country has become a leading grain power and has a leading position in the world in wheat exports.
The same positive trend in livestockwhere meat and dairy production volumes are increasing year by year. Rapid growth prospects are illustrated by viticulture, horticulture and organic production.
Staying true to the best indigenous traditions, the agro-industrial complex actively promotes advanced technologies.
According to Deputy Prime Minister Victoria Abramchenko, despite the unfavorable weather conditions, the Russian agro-industrial complex during 2020 and 2021 the global economy is under great pressure associated with the spread of coronavirus infection. continued to be one of the major driving forces The development of the Russian economy.
The index of agricultural production (at comparable prices) on farms in all categories in 2021 was 99.1% compared to 2020, 104.6% compared to 2017 (-105.5% in 2020 compared to 2017). The decline in 2021 is mainly due to a decrease in crop production due to adverse weather conditions and a slowdown in livestock production growth due to the unfavorable epizootic situation at the beginning of 2021.
The index of crop production on farms in all categories was 98.6% compared to the 2020 level, and 104.2% compared to the 2017 level. Gross grain harvest amounted to 121.4 million tons, which is 9% lower than in 2020. 11.6% of the wheat, whose net weight is 75.9 million tons, is lower than the 2020 production. The first gross harvest of the main oilseeds (sunflower, soybean, rapeseed) amounted to 23.1 million tons, 14.3% more than the production in 2020 (20.2 million tons). Also, a record gross harvest of rapeseed was harvested – 2.8 million tons in net weight, from 2020 (2.6 million tons), sunflower – 15.5 million tons by weight (in 2020 – 13.3 million tons) after completion . Gross fruit and strawberry harvest in all farm categories reached 3.9 million tonnes, 7% higher than in 2021.
The livestock production index in 2021 reached 99.8% in 2020 compared to -104.8% in 2017. Livestock and poultry production for slaughter (by live weight) on farms in all categories reached 15.68 million tonnes, 0.3% more than in 2020. In 2021, milk production in farms in all categories increased by 0.2% (+63.1 thousand tons) compared to 2020 and amounted to 32,288.6 thousand tons.
Harvest allowed meet most of the country’s local food needs (for grain – 150.7%, for sugar – 100.0%, for vegetable oil – 176.6%, for meat and meat products – 100.2%, for fish and fish products – % 153.2), to increase the export potential as well as to make an important contribution to the country’s food independence.
Development of agricultural production It has breathed new life into the countryside: the income from the sale of agricultural products returns to the village and promotes the development of rural settlements. New schools and kindergartens, medical centers and cultural centers are being built for rural residents across the country, housing stock, engineering and transport infrastructure are updated, and jobs are created. As a result Russian village transformsit is becoming an increasingly comfortable and attractive place to live.
The material has been prepared on the basis of information from RIA Novosti and from open sources.
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