Chukotka and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug became the leader of the re-rating in terms of wages in Russia in 2022
MOSCOW, November 21 – RIA Novosti. As last year, the leaders of the ranking in terms of the share of high-paid specialists in the regions of Russia were Chukotka, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug and the Magadan region, this time most of the low-paid workers appeared to be in Kabardino-Balkaria and Ingushetia, according to a study by RIA Novosti.
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The wage level is one of the main indicators of the standard of living of the population, as it accounts for about 60% of all people’s incomes. Analysts point out that the differences in wage dynamics and differentiation of wage levels in Russia are based on regional characteristics.
To identify these differences, experts from RIA Novosti conducted the fifth annual study of the level and distribution of wages in the regions of Russia and compiled a regional rating for them.
The share of employees receiving 100 thousand rubles or more per month (highly paid) was used as the main ranking indicator in the ranking. In addition, indicators such as the share of low-paid workers (less than 20 thousand rubles per month) and the range of the most common salaries in the region were analyzed and presented in the rating.
The share of employees with salaries above 100 thousand rubles and below 20 thousand rubles was estimated according to official statistics on average 12-month net salaries (from September 2021 to August 2022) and the distribution of wages by large and medium-sized enterprises. Regions are ranked by the share of workers with a salary of more than 100,000 rubles. It was assumed that half of the residents earned the most common wages (the rest of the population belonged to a quarter of the lowest paid workers and a quarter of the highest paid workers).
According to the research, from September 2021 to August 2022, on average, 9.9% of workers in Russia earned more than 100 thousand rubles per month. For comparison, the share of employees with a salary of more than 100 thousand rubles in the 2021 survey was 8.8%, and in 2020 – 7.9%. Experts point out that there has been a systematic increase in the proportion of workers with high nominal wages.
Overall, the 17 regions over the analyzed period are characterized by a higher share of high-paid workers than the national average. On the other hand, the share of high-paid workers in 56 regions does not exceed 5%.
As before, the leaders in terms of the share of high wages were Moscow, as well as the northern and Far Eastern regions. In the 2022 survey, Chukotka took the lead in the share of high-paid workers, with almost 50% of workers receiving a salary of 100 thousand rubles or more. The second place is occupied by YNAO with an indicator of 43.8%. In terms of the share of high salaries, the Magadan region (33.6%) is in third place, the Nenets Autonomous Okrug is in fourth (33.4%), and Moscow (32.6%) is in fifth place.
Also in the top ten were Kamchatka (26.8%), Sakhalin Oblast (25.2%), Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (25%), Yakutia (23.4%) and Murmansk Oblast (18.7%). Analysts, St. He states that St. Petersburg is slightly behind the top 10 and ranks 11th with a share of 16.9%.
As the results of the study show, the leaders are predominantly Siberia, northern or Far East regions and both metropolitan agglomerations. The leadership of regions with harsh climatic conditions is explained by a well-developed profitable mining industry and fishing. Moscow and St. Petersburg serves as financial centers, almost all of the largest companies in Russia are located on its territory.
Experts say there is also a huge difference in the level and distribution of salaries among rating leaders. The Murmansk region, which is in the top ten, is 2.7 times behind the rating leader, and Kemerovo region, which is 30th in the ranking, is more than 10 times behind Chukotka in terms of high share. wage workers.
The rate of high paid workers in 43 regions is below 3.7%. Compilers of ratings note that less than 1.5% of employees in five regions can boast of earning 100 thousand rubles per month, and in 13 regions this share is between 1.5% and 2%. In general, in the three regions that closed the rating, the share of employees with a salary of more than 100,000 rubles per month is 30 times less than in the top three.
According to the study, the minimum share of high-paid workers in the current rating is seen in Kalmykia – 1.29%. Also at the bottom of the list are Ingushetia (1.33%), Mordovia (1.38%), Dagestan (1.38%) and Chechnya (1.43%).
Also, in the last tenth, Ivanovo region (1.53%), Kabardino-Balkaria (1.55%), Oryol region (1.60%), Karachay-Cherkess (1.60%) and Tambov region (1.55%) , 67%. Thus, among the constituent entities of the Russian Federation with a minimum share of highly paid workers, there is a wide representation of regions from Central Russia and the southern national republics.
Share of low paid workers
In 27 regions of the country, the rate of earning less than 20 thousand rubles per month exceeds 25%. In terms of share of low-paid workers, the leaders are Kabardino-Balkaria (41.4%), Ingushetia (40.5%), Dagestan (39.6%), Chechnya (39.5%), North Ossetia (39.0%) and Karachay -Circassian (38.8%).
Analysts say that the overall rise in wages in the country and the increase in the minimum wage have a positive effect on the level of earnings of low-wage workers, but the problem of low official wages is still severe in some regions.
On the other hand, in the Far East and Northern regions, there is hardly anyone who earns less than 20 thousand rubles a month. In seven regions (Kamchatka, Murmansk Oblast, Magadan Oblast, Sakhalin Oblast, YNAO, Chukotka and Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug) the proportion of such workers is less than 2% and in four more regions less than 5%.
Analysts say this pattern is due to two factors. First, in many regions the prices are very high and the climatic conditions are harsh, and even the lowest wages take this into account and include some compensation for such conditions. Secondly, local authorities in some wealthy regions set their own minimum wages, which can be high (in some regions of the Far East it already exceeds 30,000 rubles). Therefore, the applicable minimum wages take into account regional characteristics and natural conditions of pricing.
On average, an average worker in Russia can count on a net salary of 25-60 thousand rubles per month, that is, half of the residents working in the country receive salaries within these limits, the other quarter receives more, and a quarter – less. Typical salary range of the leading region, Chukotka, is between 65,000 and 164,000 per month. The typical salary in YNAO is slightly lower (60-152k).
In Moscow, the typical salary range is one of the widest – 45-129 thousand rubles. So there are a lot of people who earn a lot in the capital, but there are also enough people with low wages. The most common salary range in St. Petersburg is 36-81 thousand rubles per month, which is noticeably lower than the result in Moscow.
According to the study, only in eight regions the upper limit of the typical salary range exceeds 100 thousand rubles, so such a salary for the leading regions is quite ordinary. On the other hand, experts say that the typical salary in 14 regions does not exceed 40,000 rubles per month.
I am Emma Sickels, a highly experienced journalist specializing in news and economy. As an author at News Unrolled, I cover the latest trends in the economic sector and provide readers with valuable insights into its complexities. My work has been featured in various media outlets such as The New York Times, USA Today, Bloomberg Businessweek and many more.