The regions of the Far North and Moscow became the leaders in the rating in terms of income of the population in Russia
MOSCOW, June 20 – RIA Novosti. According to a study by the RIA, the Yamalo-Nenets, Nenets Autonomous Okrugs and the Russian capital, as well as Tuva and Ingushetia, were at the bottom of the list for household income in Russia in the first half of 2022. novosti
The welfare of the population is one of the priorities of the state. According to experts, salaries have been increasing in both nominal and real terms in recent years, and financial support programs have been expanded for many socially vulnerable segments of the population.
How was the rating calculated?
Certain figures indicate that in 2022 the average Russian level of the income ratio of the population and the cost of a fixed set of goods and services increased compared to last year. However, given the noticeable negative impact of the pandemic, the income level in 2020 was lower than the result of 2019. Thus, in the current rating, the revenue value and cost of a fixed set is 1.65 versus 1.58 in 2019 (1.59 in 2021).
Another important indicator characterizing the material condition of the population is the level of poverty. At the end of 2021, 11% of Russians, or 16.1 million people, lived below the poverty line. For comparison, the lowest proportion of the poor in Russia’s modern history was recorded in 2012 at 10.8%, or 15.5 million people, and compared to the situation in 2000, the number of poor people in Russia today has decreased. 2.5 times.
At the same time, the difference in regional context is quite high. According to official statistics, the difference in average and median income levels between “rich” and “poor” regions is about three to four times. Therefore, the problem of material security and poverty is felt differently in different regions.
To identify interregional differences, RIA Novosti specialists prepared a rating of Russian regions by income of the population. The main indicator by which the regions of Russia are ranked is the ratio of the median per capita income of the population of the region (median is the level at which the income of exactly half the population is above and 50% below) for 12 months (from April 1, 2021 to April 1, 2022) Russian Federation’ per month to the cost of a fixed set of goods and services in each of a particular subject matter.
The compilers of the rating explain that this makes it possible to take into account different price scales in different regions. An additional indicator is the proportion of the population living below the poverty line. The median revenues used in the calculations are estimated based on 12-month indicators from April 1, 2021 to April 1, 2022. It is assumed that the population below the poverty line has cash income per capita below the official poverty line.
The leader of the rating, as a year ago, was the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. The ratio of average income to fixed set in this region is 3.1. In second place in the rating is another northern oil and gas region – the Nenets Autonomous Okrug with a value of 2.78. For comparison, the median value in the 2022 ranking is 1.45, and the minimum is 0.93, therefore, by Russian standards in these two northern regions, many people can count on a high level of material well-being.
Moscow is in third place with a ratio of average income to the cost of a set of goods of 2.48. It also turned out that the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (2.39) and the Magadan Region (2.28) have high values of the indicator in the current rating. Sakhalin Region is in sixth place with 2.23 points. At the same time, all TOP-6 regions in the current ranking occupy the same positions as in the 2021 study.
Also in the top ten St. Petersburg (2.14), Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Yugra (2.09), Moscow Region (2.04) and Murmansk Region (2.02). At the same time, unlike the TOP-6, these zones have changed their position in the table. Thus, in 2021 St. Petersburg managed to get ahead of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug, and they are in the 7th and 8th places, respectively, in the current standings.
At the bottom of the ranking are the Republics of Tyva, Ingushetia and Altai. The ratio of the income of the residents in these regions to the cost of a fixed set of goods and services is less than one. In the other eight regions, this indicator ranges from one to 1.2 and generally does not exceed 1.3 in 18 regions of the country.
Number of poor districts
According to the results of the research, the share of the poor in the 21 regions 2022 ranking is below 10%. For comparison, there were 19 such ratings last year and 17 in 2019.
At the same time, the number of regions with very high poverty rates decreased in 2022. In just six subjects, the proportion of the population below the poverty line exceeds 20% versus ten districts a year ago. Also, in the previous rating, the share of the population below the poverty line exceeded 30% in the two regions, but now officially the share of the poor in these regions has decreased noticeably. The decrease in the share of the poor fell from 34% to 29.4% in 2021 in the Republic of Tyva and from 30% to 29.7% in the Republic of Ingushetia.
Experts note a change in the methodology for determining poverty in Russia, which has had a certain impact on indicators in a number of regions.
Analysts suggest that we cannot expect positive trends in income growth and poverty reduction next year. According to a set of forecasts, in 2022 the Russian economy will decline respectively in GDP, household incomes will also fall in real terms. Experts say that the resumption of real income growth should not be expected until 2023.
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