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Post: Procedure to elect the President of Brazil


According to the Brazilian Constitution (1988), the president is the head of the country’s executive branch. He is elected for four years with the right to be reelected for one term.

The President is elected at the same time as the Vice President.

First round of elections On the first Sunday of October, a runoff, if necessary, is held on the last Sunday in October of the year preceding the end of the current presidential term.

voting in brazil universal and mandatory For all educated citizens aged 18 to 70. Voting is optional for illiterate citizens of all ages, aged 16 and 17, over 70, and all ages.

It is determined by the current legislation that voters who do not go to the polls within 60 days after the election and do not excuse their absence will be fined (for voters who are abroad on the election day, this period is 30 days on the day they return to the country).

Voters who did not vote in three consecutive elections, did not pay fines, or did not clear themselves within six months of the last election they had to attend, removed from the electoral roll. In this case, each round of elections is considered a separate vote.

Elections are held according to the majoritarian electoral system of the absolute majority. In presidential elections, the entire country is a single constituency.

Brazilian citizens over the age of 35 can run for president. Only candidates registered by parties can take office.

If the presidential candidate has another public office, he must resign from that post at least six months before the election date.

On election day, the polls are open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Biometric data (fingerprints) is used to identify voters. At the same time, it was noted that registration of new biometric data was suspended across the country in 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic. Votes of voters who have not yet collected their biometric information will not be rejected.

Voting is entirely electronic. For these purposes, special terminals are used that are not connected to the Internet. Voters must indicate the party number of the presidential candidate they want to vote for in the electronic voting terminal. Information about the next selection is displayed on the terminal screen. Next, the voter checking the correctness of the accounting must approve his choice. After that, the selection of the voter is counted and saved on the memory card.

After the end of the voting period device prints totals by constituency. A copy of the first copy of the protocol regarding the voting results is posted in the building of the voting center for public viewing. Voting results in the relevant ballot box are transmitted to the regional courts and the Supreme Election Board via a network independent of the internet. In remote areas such as the Amazon, satellite communication is sometimes used.

The candidate who receives the absolute majority of the votes is considered elected. If none of the candidates received more than 50% of the votes, a second round is held, with the two candidates receiving the most votes.

If one of the candidates dies or withdraws before the runoff, the next candidate with the most votes on the list is invited to the runoff.

If several candidates receive the same number of votes, the older one is considered elected.

The President and the Vice President take office at the National Congress meeting.

The first round of presidential elections in Brazil in 2022 will be held on October 2. If voting results require a runoff, voting will take place on 30 October.

The material has been prepared on the basis of information from RIA Novosti and from open sources.

Source: Ria

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