Algeria focuses on human development through education to ensure its growth. When the country gained independence 60 years ago, its central university had just a few hundred students. Today there are dozens of universities and research centers in Algeria and more than one and a half million students. But this progress is not without its challenges.
One of the priorities of independent Algeria was to support human development and eradicate illiteracy at the time (in 1962 it was estimated at 85% of the population).
Free and compulsory education has raised the literacy rate to 81%. In people aged 15 to 25, this number is close to 100%.
Another priority is to give Algerians responsibility for the country’s economic development.
In 1974, architect Oscar Niemeyer designed the Huari Boumediene University of Science and Technology in Algeria.
More than 100,000 of its graduates are currently employed in Algeria or elsewhere.
“At the beginning of the university, there were 2,000 students whose job it was to train executives. Now there are 50,000,” said the university’s dean, Jemal Eddin Akrak, a former student and one of the first.
“We see that about 60% of us have female students. I remember in the 70s and 80s in technology and basic science departments it was only 10%,” Akrak said, comparing the growing number. Women students between the past and the present.
“Maybe I can make my own cream and maybe one day run my own company with this training… that’s my goal,” said Reem Arabdio, a student testing cosmetics in the university’s lab.
This “professional master’s” program was launched in association with some institutions, and the country aspires to be a regional leader in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products.
Chemical researcher Camel Daoud said that Algeria has managed to cover up to 70% of the general needs of the Algerian population and we also intend to participate in exports, both to East and West Africa.
This growing spirit among Algerian students drives them to work and innovate. At a business school in Algeria, Rania, who co-founded a business club with his colleague, says he wants to start his own business in Algeria because he thinks it’s a field. Opportunities, while the colleague does not agree with his opinion, but adds that he has a vision focused on sub-Saharan countries.
EISA is a public school founded in 2004 after a French-Algerian partnership, it is now one of the top ten business schools in Africa. Many of its students continue their studies abroad.
Its general manager, Karim Kiard, says: “Mobility is an integral part of any training or professional course. Seeking a better return is one of the creeds of the school’s students and alumni… so we are not afraid of this openness. evidence. “There are many graduates working here. In very high positions.”
Among the challenges of human development, Algeria will certainly be able to allow as many students as possible to develop in its country.