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Post: Biography of Nicolas Maduro


Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro Moros born In the family of a union leader in Caracas on November 23, 1962.

studied At José Ávalos High School. Regularly education As a union leader in Cuba. According to some reports, he did not receive higher education.

During his school years, he joined the leftist youth organization “Socialist League” (Liga Socialista).

In 1991-1998, he worked as a bus driver for the transport company Metro de Caracas (combining ground and underground transport of the Venezuelan capital), where he was the leader of the union, which soon became the founder of the Caracas Metro Syndicate (SITRAMECA). ).

In the early 1990s, Maduro joined To the “Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement – 200” (Movimento Bolivariano Revolucionario 200), founded by Hugo Chavez.

In 1994, Maduro and his wife, lawyer Cilia Flores, actively supported the release of future Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez when he was imprisoned in a failed military coup in 1992.

In 1994-1997, Maduro was a member of the MBR-200 leadership, was one of the founders of the Fifth Republic Movement (DPR).

in 1998 led the election campaign Chavez running for president. As a result of the elections, Chávez was elected president, supported by 56% of the electorate.

Nicolas Maduro in 1998 elected to parliament Venezuelan. In 1999, he joined the National Constitutional Assembly, which was formed to draft a new constitution for Venezuela.

In 2000, he was elected to the National Assembly, Venezuela’s unicameral parliament. In 2000-2001 he headed the parliamentary fraction of the DPR.

He was re-elected MP in 2005. In 2005-2006 – Speaker of the National Assembly.

He was the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Venezuela from 2006 to 2012.

He was appointed Vice President of Venezuela on October 10, 2012.

In December 2012, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez appointed Maduro as his successor.

Following the death of Hugo Chávez on March 5, 2013, Nicolás Maduro became acting president of Venezuela.

On April 14, 2013, Nicolás Maduro was elected President of Venezuela, receiving 50.75% of the vote. He took office on April 19, 2013.

After coming to power, he continued the line of building the so-called socialism of the 21st century by fundamentally reforming the state system and legislative framework, fighting corruption, bureaucracy, crime, the country’s self-sufficiency. However, the economic situation in the country faced a sharp deterioration in the face of falling world oil prices (the main source of income for the Venezuelan state budget), a decrease in GDP (the country’s GDP fell by 13.2 in 2017). %), hyperinflation, decline in the well-being of the population (lack of food, hygiene products and medicines).

According to the results of the parliamentary elections held in December 2015, he lost the support of the deputies. The Venezuelan opposition has tried several times to take action. resignation procedure But Nicolas Maduro, these attempts only led to the emergence of a parallel parliament and failed.

Despite the protracted crisis, in May 2018 Nicolas Maduro re-elected for a second five-year term, receiving 68% of the vote. He took office on January 10, 2019.

At the same time, many states, including the United States and the country’s neighbors on the continent, who are members of the Lima Group, refused to recognize Maduro’s new term.

Mass protests broke out in Venezuela shortly after Maduro was sworn in. Juan Guaido, head of the opposition-controlled National Assembly, has illegally declared himself interim president. A number of Western countries, especially the USA, declared that they recognized Guaido. In response, Maduro described the speaker of parliament as a puppet of the United States. Russia, China, Turkey and some other countries supported Maduro as a legitimate president.

Nicholas Maduro married About Celia Flores (lawyer, in 2006-2012 – the speaker of the parliament, in 2012-2013 – the attorney general of Venezuela, since 2017 – deputy of the National Constitutional Assembly of Venezuela). He has son – Nicolás Maduro Guerra, Member of the National Constitutional Assembly of Venezuela.

The material has been prepared based on information from RIA Novosti and open sources.

Source: Ria

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