A new UN report has revealed that nearly five million children will die before the age of five and 2.1 million people between the ages of 5 and 24 will lose their lives in 2021 alone, according to the latest estimates from the Interagency Panel on Childhood Assessment. Child mortality. .
A report by an interagency group at the United Nations indicates that 1.9 million children were born in the same period. He noted that many deaths could be prevented by giving mothers, newborns, teens and children equal access to quality health care. The report also showed some positive results, such as a reduced risk of death at all ages. in the world since the year 2000.
It is worth noting that since the turn of the century, the global under-five mortality rate has decreased by 50%, the mortality rate of older children and adolescents has decreased by 36%, and the stillbirth rate has declined. by 35%.
He attributed this to increased investment in strengthening primary health care systems to benefit women, children and youth.
The report highlights that children’s chances of survival vary greatly depending on where they are born, with sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia bearing the brunt.
While sub-Saharan Africa accounts for only 29% of live births worldwide, it accounts for 56% of under-five deaths in 2021, compared to 26% in South Asia.
Children born in sub-Saharan Africa are at the highest risk of death in the world: 15 times more than children in Europe and North America. Remarkable numbers, as they account for 77% of fetal deaths worldwide, and by 2021, half of these cases will occur in sub-Saharan Africa.
She noted that a woman in sub-Saharan Africa is seven times more likely to have a stillbirth than in Europe and North America. 16 million children “due to fetal death”. Although COVID-19 does not directly increase child mortality. – As children are less likely to die than adults, this can increase the risk of their lives in the future. In particular, the reports highlight concerns that the pandemic will cause disruptions to vaccination campaigns, food services and primary care, which could compromise their health and safety for years to come.
Furthermore, the pandemic has caused the largest sustained decline in immunization coverage in three decades, putting the most vulnerable infants and children at greater risk of dying from preventable diseases. The reports also point to data gaps that can seriously undermine the impact of developed policies and programs. To improve children’s survival and safety. The United Nations established the United Nations Interagency Group on the Assessment of Child Mortality in 2004 with the aim of disseminating data on child mortality, improving methods for estimating child mortality, reporting progress towards child survival goals, and strengthening the capacity of countries to produce adequate information on child mortality. Dice. evaluates and evaluates them correctly. UN UNICEF leads this team, which includes the World Health Organization, the World Bank Group and the Population Division of the International Organization’s Department of Economic and Social Protection.
Source: Al Ittihad
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