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Post: World Astrology Day


World Astrology Day (International Astrology Day) registered on the day of the spring equinox. in 2023 this date falls on March 20.

The spring equinox begins a new astronomical year. Western astrologers have proposed to celebrate this holiday on March 20, the first day of the astrological year, when the sun enters the sign of Aries.

Astrology (Translated from the Greek: astron – star and logos – doctrine, word) – an ancient star doctrine, based on the belief that the position of the stars can predict the future.

The emergence of astrology connected with primitive man’s understanding of the change in lunar phases and eclipses, as well as an awareness of the connection between the change of seasons and the transit of the Sun through the equinox and solstice points. In Sumer and Babylon, where astronomical observations were made from the beginning of the 3rd millennium BC, and in China, which began to be made from the middle of the 2nd millennium BC, astrology initially meant only the observation of the movements of the Sun and the Moon. compilation of tables that make it possible to predict the time of revolutions and eclipses.

The ancient prophetic astrology, which grew out of folk horoscopes, was an inevitable stage in the development of the natural sciences. HE clarified and is used to predict the connection of the Earth’s annual revolution around the Sun with periods of drought and rain, abundance of food, and hunger.

During the cultural exchange between Greece and the Middle East after Alexander the Great’s astrological conquests in the early 4th century BC Greek philosophers meet. By incorporating an individual’s life into the competency of astrology, they laid the foundation for a new direction, zodiac astrology.

Horoscope is a diagram of the position of the Sun, Moon and planets at a given time for a given geographic latitude and longitude. In astrology, man was placed at the center of the universe, since the then-existing astronomical system of the Greek astronomer Claudius Ptolemy was geocentric and regarded the Earth as a sphere around which celestial bodies revolve.

The zodiac circle is divided into 12 equal parts, and the celestial sphere is divided into 12 parts in two directions. The first division of the celestial sphere is called the zodiac. The zodiac is a belt that recedes from the ecliptic (the apparent path of the sun’s movement across the celestial sphere) by 8° in both directions and is divided into 12 equal segments with zodiac signs 30° each.

The Babylonians discovered the zodiac circle at the turn of the 5th and 6th centuries BC and named each part after the constellation that occupied most of the 30 degree division at that time. The zodiac signs are counted from the constellation of Aries (0°), followed by Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius and Pisces at 30 degree intervals. As a result of the displacement of the equinox points, the zero degree no longer coincides with the constellation Aries, but astrologers continue to proceed from the fact that it is the beginning of the zodiac circle, which was originally formed by the movement of the Sun. must coincide with the vernal equinox – the intersection of the ecliptic and the celestial point of the equator through which the sun passes in its northward movement.

The horoscope, as a conditional drawing of the position of the luminaries at the time of the birth of a particular person, is based on the fact that the occurrence of an event is associated with the passage of a certain point on the ecliptic that determines this event. , character and destiny of a person.

Astrology is widely spreading in the Roman Empire. Christianity criticized astrology as a kind of pagan fatalism. 9.-10. In the centuries Arab astrology reached a significant development. Greek zodiac astrology was pushed into the background by the Arabs and was replaced by prophetic astrology. He helped make a choice (to choose the right time for some commitment) and gave answers to various questions (how to recover losses or invest more profitably). The horoscope was drawn for the hour and minute the question was asked, and the answer depended on the current position of the planets.

Astrology in the XI-XII centuries penetrated to medieval Europe through Spanish universities. The emergence of the heliocentric system of Nicolaus Copernicus in the 16th century and the 17th-18th century. Over the centuries, the development of the scientific natural sciences led to the discrediting of astrology, first among astronomers and then in the scientific community as a whole. Also, the reputation of astrology was undermined by the flourishing quackery.

After the First World War (1914-1918), interest in astrology was revived. In the 20th century, astrology became popular again.

There are several branches of astrology. Among them is natal astrology, which studies everything related to a person and his destiny. Agricultural astrology gives advice on what to plant or when to plant.

From the point of view of scientists, astrology pseudoscience. Astrology criticism has been known since ancient Greece. 4th century BC astronomer Eudoxus warned(divining with the stars) The Chaldeans and their predictions about a person’s life based on their birthday should not be trusted. The famous Italian physicist and astronomer Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) noted that many of the predictions contradicted real life.

Scientific criticism of astrology and forecasting methods it contains in the work of modern economists John Bennett and John Barth, statistics Michel Gauquelin, physicist John McGervey, psychologist John McGru. According to the conclusions of scientists, astrology is a soap bubble devoid of rational content. And horoscopes cannot predict events over random coincidence.

According to modern research, astrologers are resorted to in difficult moments of life. In many cases this reaction Stress arising due to a person’s lack of social skills.

Astrological predictions and advice have become a popular part of modern culture. Publish in newspapers, on the Internet, where you can easily calculate your personal horoscope or get advice from an astrologer. According to a study by the All-Russian Center for Opinion Research (VTsIOM, 2022), Russians trust individuals (28%) more in fortune telling than stars (15%). 60% of citizens do not believe in horoscopes, 25% tend to doubt astrological predictions. Over the course of seven years, the proportion of people who trust the stars has halved (31% in 2015) and the share of doubters has decreased by 3.5 times (7% in 2015).

The material has been prepared based on information from RIA Novosti and open sources.

Source: Ria

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