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Post: International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Fascism


International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Fascism has been celebrated on the second Sunday in September every year since 1962. this day in 2022 falls on September 11.

The date is celebrated in September, because this month the Second World War began (with the Nazi invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939) and ended (with the surrender of militarist Japan on September 2, 1945). The scale, human losses and material costs of this military conflict are unmatched. It happened during the war drawn In 61 states, more than 80% of the world’s population, hostilities were carried out on the territory of 40 states, in the seas and oceans.

During the Second World War perish More than 55 million people. The biggest victims were the Soviet Union, which lost 27 million people.

More than 75 years have passed since fascism, which brought untold suffering and millions of victims, was defeated by joint efforts. However, some countries are trying to revise the results of the Second World War for the sake of selfish, political and economic interests, historical facts are distorted, frankly wrong views are imposed, and fictions are built on speculation and speculation.

There has been a consistent clean up in Europe lately and Nazism has been reviving. Over the past year, the situation in this area has particularly deteriorated, with campaigns being organized in many countries aimed at distorting history and falsifying the USSR’s role in the victory over Nazism. According to the Russian Foreign Ministry, the Baltic states, Ukraine, Poland and the Czech Republic are of particular concern.

It is not the first year that veterans rallies of the 20th SS Division have been held in Estonia. An SS legionnaires’ regiment is held in Latvia on 16 March each year.

Lithuania’s national legal acts directed to the rise of war criminals. There are cases when former Nazis were reburied, most official historians erect monuments and memorial plaques to their “forest brothers”. defend Hitler’s accomplices.

Fascism has been developing in Ukraine in recent years, the rights of Russians and Russian speakers are violated, neo-Nazism has become part of the country’s political system. Far-right radicals on the streets of Ukrainian cities freely organize torch marches and processions in honor of Nazi criminals. In 2015, the Ukrainian Parliament passed a law recognizing OUN-UPA (an extremist organization banned in the Russian Federation) organizations as fighters for Ukraine’s independence in the 20th century. There is the glorification of the UPA and its leaders – Stepan Bandera and Roman Shukhevych, who collaborated with the Nazis.

Free operate nationalist party All-Ukrainian Union “Svoboda” (extremist organization banned in Russia), radical association “Right Sector” (extremist organization banned in Russia), national battalions “Dnepr”, “Aidar”, “Azov” (terrorist organization Russia’ also banned) ) and other organizations combining Nazi ideas.

In April 2019, Ukraine’s Verkhovna Rada passed a language law that forces citizens of the country to communicate only in Ukrainian almost everywhere: in government bodies, schools, universities and hospitals, shops, courts, army, police, during election campaigns. and referendum etc.

Monuments to Soviet soldier-liberators are being destroyed in the Baltic States, Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine.

The authorities of modern Germany follow a policy By reconsidering Berlin’s unique historical role in the outbreak of the Second World War, it strives to erase this thesis from the international socio-political debate.

According to Anatoly Antonov, Russian Ambassador to the United States, “neo-Nazi organizations ‘hiding’ behind the first amendment to the US Constitution feel comfortable in America, monuments are erected to ‘heroes’ guilty of ethnic cleansing, Nazi accomplices in the Holocaust.”

On Russia’s initiative, every year since 2005, the UN General Assembly has adopted resolutions calling for the suppression of attempts to glorify Nazism. The number of countries supporting the draft document is increasing every year. Recently, only the United States and Ukraine have traditionally voted against.

In December 2021, the UN General Assembly adopted Russia’s resolution “to combat the glorification of Nazism, neo-Nazism and other practices that contribute to the escalation of modern forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance”. 130 countries voted in favor, 49 abstained, against the United States and Ukraine.

A law signed by President Vladimir Putin on May 5, 2014 in Russia provides a prison sentence of up to five years for the rehabilitation of Nazism, denial of the facts revealed by the Nuremberg Tribunal, and spreading false information about it. Activities of the USSR during the Second World War. In addition, fines are issued in Russia for disrespecting the days of military glory and memorable dates.

Federal Law of November 4, 2014, Changes “Law on Continuing the Victory of the Soviet People in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945” and 20.3 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation. Tools and symbols for which administrative responsibility was established The list of these organizations added structures that cooperated with fascist organizations and movements as well as with international or foreign organizations or their representatives, rejecting the results of the Nuremberg Tribunal. Based on the Nuremberg Tribunal decision or the Great Patriotic War, World War II. as decisions of national, military or occupation courts rendered during World War II.

In August 2022, as part of the Army-2022 military-technical forum, the first International Anti-Fascist Congress was held in Russia. It gathered to unite the efforts of the world community in the fight against the ideology of Nazism in all its manifestations. The Congress is called upon to be a platform to support the historical truth about the decisive contribution of the USSR to the defeat of fascism during the Second World War, to counter the spread of Nazi ideology. More than 60 representatives participated in the forum from 37 countries.

The purpose of the Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Fascism is to combat the ideology of the revival of fascism. Its motto is to unite resisting neo-fascism. Traditionally, public actions are held on this day in memory of the tens of millions of people who died during the Second World War. On this day, not only the soldiers who defended the Motherland but also the affected civilians are commemorated.

The material has been prepared on the basis of information from RIA Novosti and from open sources.

Source: Ria

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